In 2015, the Epidemiology Section of Public Health – Dayton & Montgomery County prepared a study under the guidance of The Kirwan Institute’s Communities of Opportunity at The Ohio State University. Ebron (2015) states:
there are complex and interconnected opportunity structures that have a significant role in shaping an individual’s quality of life. These structures include housing, education, health care, employment, transportation, and civic engagement. Communities with high opportunity have quality schools, low crime rates, and affordable housing. Additionally, the environment of these communities promote healthy lifestyles with advantages such as access to parks and “fresh food” markets” (pg.2).
Conversely, communities with low-opportunities have a negative effect on shaping an individual’s quality of life. The report used “Opportunity Mapping” to identify communities with poor access to opportunity. Furthermore, the Opportunity Mapping shows significant evidence of historical practices of racially systemic and restrictive policies that have disproportionately harmed marginalized communities of color.
The statistical data provided in the study identified areas of opportunity and access in Dayton, Ohio neighborhoods. The study examined the prosperity of neighborhoods with High and Low opportunity. The study showed that 31 out of the 65 neighborhoods exhibited “Low-opportunity”.
For more information on Opportunity Mapping contact:
The Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity at Ohio State University
Although the study was completed in 2015, it confirms that generational injustice continues to plague our communities. Recently, in 2020, the City of Dayton was named one of the most impoverished cities in the country. Neighborhoods Over Politics (NOP) has highlighted the following four areas of concern that argue the importance of equity and justice. The goal of our organization is to advocate for policy that will push towards equitable and sustainable change in Dayton neighborhoods.